Ahmedabad is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat, which is a state in India,it is located on the banks of the Sabarmati River. Ahmedabad is also known as Amdavad by fellow Amdavadis and population of more than 6.3 million and an extended population of 7.8 million, it is the sixth largest city and seventh largest metropolitan area of India. In Ahmedabad Cricket is a popular sport in Ahmedabad, which houses the 54,000-seat Sardar Patel Stadium.
Ahmedabad begins in the eleventh century with the Solanki King Karandev I, ruler of Anhilwara. He waged a war against the Bhil King Ashapall or Ashaval and after his victory established a city called Karnavati on the banks of the Sabarmati at site of modern Ahmedabad. The history of Ahmedabad dates back to 15th century when it was known as Karnavati after the name of the King Karandev, the ruler of the place. Later when Sultan Ahmed Shah, medieval ruler of Gujarat, conquered the place it was renamed as Ahmedabad. The city was spacious and built to the east of Sabarmati. There is a fort known as Bhadra Fort which is enclosed by 12 gates.
This ashram was Gandhi's headquarters during the long struggle for Indian independence. His ashram was founded in 1915 and still makes handicraft, handmade paper and spinning wheels. Gandhi's spartan living quarter are preserved as a small museum and there is a pictorial record of the major events in his life.
The Jama Masjid, built in 1423 by Ahmed Shah, is beside Mahatma Gandhi Rd, to the east of the Teen Darwaja. Although 260 columns support the roof, the two 'shaking' minarets lost half their height in the great earthquake of 1819, and another tremor in 1957 completed their demolition. Much of this early Ahmedabad mosque was built using items salvaged from the demolished Hindu and Jain temples. It is said that a large black slab by the main arch is actually the base of a Jain idol, buried upside down for the Muslim faithful to tread on.
Hathee Singh Jain Temple was built outside Delhi Gate in 1850 by a rich Jain Merchant. This is the best known of Ahmedabad's many ornate Jain Temples. Built of pure white marble and profusely decorated with rich carvings, the Hathee Singh Temple is dedicated to Dharamanath.
54 km away and connected the the city, the sanctuary offers a pleasant trip. The sanctuary mainly comprises a lake and marshes where you can see flamingos, pelicans, ducks, geese, cranes, storks, ibises, spoonbills, wading birds, kingfishers, swallows, fishing eagles, osprey, harriers and falcons in great numbers.
Dada Hari Vav is well was built to provide cool resting place and water. The stepped well is one the finest example of Gujarati architecture. Even on the hottest days the well is cool. This well was built in 1501. It has a flight of steps leading down to lower and lower platform terminating at a small, octagonal well.
This small mosque outh-east of the city is also known as the Masjid-e-Nagira (Jewel of a Mosque) because of its extremely graceful and well-executed design. Its slender minarets again blend Hindu and Islamic style. The mosque is said to have been commissioned in 1514 by the wife of Sultan Mahmud Begada after he executed their son for some minor misdemeanour and she is in fact buried here.