Gwalior is a major city in the India states of Madhya pradesh Known for its rich cultural heritage, the city of Gwalior has played an integral role in Indian history from ancient times,through the medieval era, and later during the Moghul and British colonial rule. The bustling city atop a hill, is dominated by the Gwalior fort which has been the battleground for many struggles for power. It is having a good historical and architectural significance.Gwalior according to ancient history was Gopalkash, said to be the same place where Bhima from the epic Mahabharata attained victory. Archeological excavations reveal that the city dates back to the middle Stone ages and Iron Age. The actual city was founded back in the 8th A.D. by Suraj Sen, the head of the Kachwaha clan. Legend has it, that a sage called Gwalipa, cured him of leprosy and thus the king named his city Gwalior. The city became the seat of power for many dynasties to come. From the 11th - 15th century, the medieval era saw the rule of Rajputs. This was followed by intervention by the Mughals, who were dethroned by the Rajput ruler Raja Man Singh, but only for a short
The location of Gwalior Fort itself is stunning. It stands magnificently on a rock that is isolated. The famous Mughal Emperor Babur described this fort as ‘The Pearl in the Necklace of the Forts’. The construction of the fort was begun over 1000 years ago. The architecture of the fort is stunning. You will be mesmerized by the stone carvings here. The fort houses three temples and six palaces. The fort stands silent proof for the rule of various mighty dynasties.
The name itself says it. Yes, Sun Temple is dedicated to Sun, which is worshipped as a God. The temple was built by the famous industrialist G.D. Birla in the year 1988. It is a reproduction of the renowned Sun Temple in Konark. The temple’s exterior is made of red sand stone and the interior is made of white marble. The temple attracts tourists from all parts of the world. Religious faith apart, the structure of the temple and the atmosphere make people throng the temple. The tranquil atmosphere gives you peace of mind. You will also find an attractive garden inside the temple premises.
:Jai Vilas Palace is a stunning display of architectural grandeur of the bygone era. The palace built in European style has a blend of Tuscan, Italian and Corinthian styles. The palace is now converted into museum. The palace was constructed by Maharaja Jiyaji Rao Scindia in the year 1875. The Durbar Hall in the palace has its walls decorated with golden leaves. The largest pair of chandeliers in Asia is found hanging in the palace. Now a museum, the collections in Jai Vilas Palace are equally unique and awe inspiring.
Tansen Memorial was constructed to commemorate a great musician of the bygone era. Tansen, the musician, was one among the nine gems that adorned the court of Akbar. The construction reflects Mughal style of architecture. The lush gardens surrounding Tansen Memorial offer great view. The memorial is famous for national level music festivals held here every year.
Tigra Dam is situated about 23 km from the city. The dam is huge and you will love the sight of migratory birds swimming in the water. Boating facilities are available here. This beautiful picnic spot is a perfect place to relax.