Surat, is a port city previously known as Suryapur. It is the economical capital and former princely state in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is the eighth largest city and ninth largest urban agglomeration (after Pune) in India. Surat is the 3rd "cleanest city of India", and 4th fastest growing city of the world. Surat is famous for its food.
Surat is one of the most important places in the state of Gujarat. A major industrial hub, it is a city with a high standard of living. The importance of the city grows with the fact that the flourishing diamond cutting and polishing industry in Surat is the best in the world.
The history of Surat takes us back to the epic age of Mahabharata and Ramayana. According to mythological beliefs, Lord Krishna stopped in the city while his journey from Mathura to Dwarka. The Surat Port was considered important by the European traders. The British and the Portuguese waged battles against each other to gain supreme control over the trading route. The French and the Dutch also arrived in the city with merchandising objectives. The great Maratha warrior Shivaji attacked the city several times to usurp its wealth. In the beginning of the nineteenth century, the British gained overall control over the city. Since then, the city witnessed plenty of movements and agitations against the English atrocities. It has contributed a lot to the freedom movement of the country. Surat reorganized itself after the independence and soon emerged as one of the significant cities in India.
The Old Fort is one of the popular tourist attractions in Surat. This fort of Surat has close association with the history of India. In the 14th century, the Old Fort has been constructed. Muhammed Tughlak, the then ruler took the initiative to build this fort in Surat.The Old Fort in Surat had been built by Tughlak as a fortification against the attack of Bhils. Bhils, were local tribal people of this region who rose against the Mughal ruler of India.The Old Fort is not merely a tourist spot in Surat but it has a historical importance. Surat has been always a witness to many incidents that are historically important.
Surat Municipal Corporation Moguls Emperor Shahjahan has constructed this historical monument in the year 1644. Initially it was utilized as residence of Officer and Foreign tourists. The freedom fighters of 1857 were jailed over here. In the year 1867 the offices of Municipal Corporation was shitted there and since then it is used as an office of Surat Municipal Corporation.
It has been built up in the memory of famous Gujarati poet Narmad in the year 1991 at Ghod dod road one of the posh localities of modern Surat city. It has a wealthy collection of 1,50,000 books. The library has different sections like reading room, reference room, adult section and children section. The library is surrounding by beautiful garden.
Dumas beach is a very popular destination situated at a distance of 18 km from Surat city. Due to high iron concentration, the sand takes an almost eerie black color, which is a probable reason why there are haunted stories of Dumas Beach.
Ambika Niketan Temple, situated on the banks of River Tapti, was built in the year 1969. The temple is dedicated to Mother Goddess, who is in the form of Goddess Ashtabhuja Ambika.
Chintanamani Jain Temple is an ancient temple situated near Rani Talab in Surat. This 400 year-old Jain temple is famous for its vegetable dye paintings of Jain preacher Acharya Hemchandra, Solanki King and King Kumarpala.
The Sardar Patel Museum was established in the city of Surat in the year 1890 and has since then has been highly recommended by the people, maintaining a popular position.