Panipat city is in in Haryana state, India. It is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna. Panipat was one of the five cities founded by the Pandava brothers during the times of Mahabharata. Today Panipat is an industrial town and is known for its handloom products, and textiles and carpets. It is also known for its world famous pickle 'Pachranga International'. This city is also famous for its handloom industry.
The First Battle of Panipat was fought on 21 April 1526 between Ibrahim Lodhi, Sultan of Delhi, and the Timurid warlord Zaheeruddin Babur. Babur's force defeated Ibrahim's much larger force of over one lakh (one hundred thousand) soldiers.This First battle of Panipat thus ended the 'Lodi Rule' established by Bahlul Lodhi in India.
The Second Battle of Panipat was fought on 5 November 1556 between the forces of Akbar and Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, a King of North India, who belonged to Rewari in Haryana and had captured the large states of Agra and Delhi defeating Akbar's forces. This king, also known as Vikramaditya had won 22 battles against the Afghan rebels from 1553–1556 from Punjab to Bengal, and had his coronation at Purana Quila in Delhi on 7 October 1556 and had established 'Hindu Raj' in North India. This Second battle of Panipat thus ended the 'Hindu Raj' established by Hemu in north India, albeit for a short period.
The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between the Afghan invader Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Marathas under Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa of Pune. Ahmad Shah won but with a very heavy casualty rate on both sides. It resulted in the worst defeat of Marathas in their history. The war led to a power vacuum which later led to the British conquest of India. The famous Urdu shayar Maulana Hali was born in Panipat. The city is famous in India by the name of ""City of Weavers"" and ""Textile City"". The first verse of the Bhagavad Gita is possibly referring to Panipat as 'Dharmakshetra'.
The tomb is situated in Kalandar chowk named after him in the heart of the city. The tomb also houses the grave of the famous Urdu poet Khawaja Altaf Hussain Hali Panipatti. People of all the communities visit the tomb every Thursday to offer prayers and seek his blessings.
:Salar Jung Gate was built in his memory by one his admirers and friends, Faiz Nawab Sadak. It is located across the main arterial road in the middle of the city of Panipat.
Ibrahim Lodhi fought the First Battle of Panipat with Mughal Emperor Babur in a small village in Panipat on 21st April, 1526, but was defeated and killed. The battle was one of the earliest few in India, where field artillery, fire arms and gunpowder were used. Ibrahim Lodhi died in the battlefield and was abandoned by his followers. His dead body was buried in a tomb located near the tehsil office in Panipat. Later on the British government built a simple platform with a brief inscription in Urdu.
Kabuli Bagh, comprising a garden, a mosque and a tank was built by Mughal Emperor Babur to celebrate his victory over Ibrahim Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat. He named the mosque as well as the garden after his wife Mussammat Kabuli Begum. The entire memorial including the mosque, the tank and the garden still exist in perfect shape some two kilometres from the city of Panipat.
Hem Chander, popularly known as Hemu, was a resident of Rewari in Haryana. He rose to acquire the title of Samarat Hem Chander Vikramaditya by virtue of his sheer intelligence, military capabilities and valour. He started waging battles throughout the northern India in order to reach Delhi and drive away Akbar, the Mughal emperor from the country. His dream was to re-establish the Hindu rule in India.
The Devi Temple located in Panipat was built by a Maratha ruler in 8th century. It is an excellent example of Maratha heritage in the region. The temple is dedicated to a local goddess and is located on the bank of a tank. It houses ancient sculptures and is designed in religious style architecture typical of India.