Cuttack is the former capital and the second largest city in the eastern Indian state of Odisha. It is also the headquarters of the Cuttack district. The name of the city is an anglicised form of Katak which literally means The Fort, a reference to the ancient Barabati Fort around which the city initially developed. Cuttack is also known as the Millennium City as well as the Silver City due to its history of 1000 years and famous silver filigree works. It is also considered as the judicial capital of Odisha as the Odisha High Court is located here.
It is also the commercial capital of Odisha which hosts a large number of trading and business houses in and around the city.Cuttack and Bhubaneswar are often referred to as the Twin-Cities of Odisha. The earliest written history of Cuttack may go back to the Keshari dynasty.As stated by the distinguished historian Andrew Stirling, present-day Cuttack was established as a military cantonment by king Nrupa Keshari of Keshari dynasty in 989 CE.
Stirling based his opinion on the Madala Panji, a chronicle of the Jagannath temple of Puri.he reign of Maharaja Markata Keshari was distinguished for the stone embank built to protect the new capital from flood in 1002 CE.The introduction of the Sharadiya Utsav tradition in the city dates back to the visit of Saint Chaitanya in the 16th century when the consecration of the idol of Durga by using the mask pattern was conducted in his presence at Binod Behari Devi Mandap.The remains of the old moated Barabati Fort still exist in the heart of Cuttack.
This temple, established back in 10th century AD is an important pilgrimage center and also provides a beautiful scenic and serene ambience. One can reach this place from Cuttack by using boats and ferries. There is also a foot-over bridge which people can use to reach this temple by paying a nominal fee.
The titular fort of Cuttack, Barabati Fort was built in the 14th century by the rulers of the Ganga dynasty. However the fort’s origin goes back to 989 AD when King Marakata Keshari built embankments on the shores of the river to protect the city from floods. Later in the 14th century, Mukundadev Harichandan a Chalukyan King built a 9-storied fort in the embankments. Today the fort lies in ruins following several attacks and floods over the course of history but is a great place to visit during the winters.
Kataka Chandi Temple is also known as the Cuttack Temple and is dedicated to the Hindu Deity Chandika. The temple is a marvelous example of the Gajpati dynasty architecture and is located at the banks of the Mahanadi River. The best time to visit the temple is during the festivals of Durga Puja, Kali Puja and Dussehra. The temple is managed by the priests of the Utkala Brahmins and contains the idol of the goddess with was dug up by the Priest of the Gajpati Kingdom.
Founded in the 18th century, the Kadam Rasool mosque contains the foot print of the Prophet Mohammed and is spread across an area of 57 acres. The mosque is an immensely sacred place for the Muslims across the country and is visited by several tourists each year. The mosque is a marvelous example of the Indo-Persian architectural style and is said to have been built by a Hindu King.
The erstwhile ancestral home of the great freedom fighter, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, is now a museum after its completed renovation in 2007. The galleries which were once the living quarters of the Bose family now contain several photographs, antiquities and furniture used by the Bose Family and Netaji.
Situated on the banks of Kathjuri River, Stone Revetment is an engineering marvel created in the 11th century. These stone walls are constructed so as to obstruct flood water from entering the city.