Jamnagar is a city and a municipal corporation, located in Jamnagar district, in the Indian state of Gujarat. Jamnagar is the sixth largest city in the indian state. Jamnagar,erstwhile Nawanagar, in Gujarat, is a relatively new city of India. It was built in the late 1920s by Maharaja Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji. It has the Gulf of Kutch to the north and lies approximately 337 km away from the capital of Gujarat, Gandhinagar.
The city has gained recent recognition after Reliance Industries set up the largest refinery of the world here. Apart from that, Jamnagar also houses the oil refinery of Essar Oil. Because of the presence of two of the most important refineries of the country, Jamnagar has come to be called as the ‘Oil City’ of India.In the olden days, it was an important part of Saurashtra.
Legend has it that Lord Krishna dwelled in Dwarka, which is now a part of Jamnagar, after moving base from Mathura. The religious flavour of Jamnagar can be gauged from the presence of various temples in the region.
The five-storied monument located on the bank of the Lakhota Lake is believed to have been built to provide protection and act as a watch tower against enemies. Holes in the walls on the first floor were used for shooting down enemies. The water storage tank on top of the tower is carved like a peacock. The tower provides a panoramic view of the city.
An exquisite example of a mix of Rajput and European styles of architecture, the Darbargadh Palace was the residence of the royal family. Built in 1540 and later extended, the palace is full of ornate pillars, decorated mirrors, sculptures and monuments.
The Darbargadh is the original residence of Jam Sahibs and has evolved over centuries. It reflects the fusion of Rajput and European architectural styles. Jam Rajit Singhji patronized two important urban design projects in front of the Darbargadh, namely Wellingdon Crescent and Chelmsford Market. The market in front of the Darbargadh - Wellingdon Crescent is a two storeyed arcade with semi-circular arches at both levels and decorative plasters terminating in balustrade.
The India's only Ayurvedic University runs many courses in Ayurvedic medicines, including a full time 12 week introductory course teaching basic theory and medicine preparation, as well as diploma and degree courses. These courses are set up for foreign nationals with medical qualifications. Hatha Yoga, Massage, Steam bath and mud therapy can also be had here. It also has a good library and workshop and had been a place of research and international seminars on Ayurveda.
The Marine National Park was declared as the first marine national park in India in 1982 and covers an area of 458 square kms. The Marine National Park consists of an archipelago of 42 islands.
In the thick of Chandi Bazaar are four beautiful Jain temples. The larger two, Shantinath Mandir and Adinath Mandir, dedicated to the 16th and first Tirthankaras, in front of the post office near the Darbar Gadh, explode with fine murals, mirrored domes and elaborate chandeliers. The Shantinath Mandir is particularly beautiful, with coloured columns and a gilt-edged dome of concentric circles.
The Lakhota Palace is situated on an island in the middle of the Ranmal lake in the shape of the large bastion. This palace once belonged to the Maharaja of Nawanagar. An arched stone bridge with balustrade connects the Lakhota Palace with the town. It was constructed as a famine relief work in 1839-45 AD. The elaborate entrance gateway with carved jharokhas at upper level, overlooking the lake, the stark blank wall at the base, give it a look of invincible fortification.