Chittoor district is a district in Rayalaseema region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The district headquarters is located at Chittoor. It has a population of 4,170,468 according to 2011 census of India.
Chittoor district has many major temples including Tirupati, Kanipakam and Sri Kalahasti temples. It lies in the Poini river valley of southernmost Andhra Pradesh along the Chennai – Bangalore section Chennai-Mumbai highway. It is a major market centre for mangoes, grains, sugarcane, and peanuts.Chittoor District was formed on 1 April 1911, taking Chittoor, Palamaneru, Chandragiri from the then North Arcot District of Madras State and Madanapalli, Vayalpadu from Kadapa and Punganur, Sri Kalahasti, Karvetinagar from Zamindari provinces to form united Chittoor district.
Later in the Apri1- 1-1960 ,319 villages of chittoor district were added into the then Kanchipuram districtand Thiruvallur districts of Tamil Nadu through the demands of Ma. Po. Si. and other leaders.
Horsley Hills is a hill station in Chittoor. It is called ‘Andhra Ooty’. This would be a great place if you want to relax and not keen to be looking for some place to visit. The views are picturesque and the weather is awesome. An ideal place with a serene atmosphere if you are keen to rejuvenate your spirits. Trekking would be challenging and you can indulge in other outdoor activities like swimming and archery. Children will love the park and the small zoo here.
Kalavagunta is situated at the convergence of Aragonda and Ponnai rivers. It is located 8 km away from Chittoor and it houses temples of historic importance. The two famous temples found here belong to the 9th century and they are built in Chola architectural style. The carvings are intricate and the architecture brilliant.
Gurramkonda Fort is located on top of a hill that is 500 foot high. Initially, the fort was constructed using mud and rock during the Vijayanagar empire and later went into the hands of Golconda sultans. It was during this period the fort was strengthened with rock walls. The famous Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan had occupied the fort before they succumbed to British.
Situated on the banks of River Kusasthali, Nagari is a favorite tourist spot. Nagari Hills has an elevation of about 855 meters. Its highest cliff strikes resemblance with human nose and hence it is famously called the ‘Nagari Nose’. Mountaineers love the place as it offers wide scope for challenging expeditions. Nagari has many famous temples and hence it is frequently visited by pilgrims.
One of the most famous and ancient temples is Sri Venkateswara Temple. Dedicated to Lord Balaji, famously known as Venkateswara, the temple belongs to the 12th century. It is located at an height of 853 meter from sea level. The temple is a favorite spot for pilgrims. The architecture of the temple is a combination of the style of Chola, Pandya and the Pallava. The gold plated dome and the Papanasam waterfalls attract tourists.
The coastal village Mogili is situated 25 km away from Chittoor. The place houses a famous temple called Mogileeswara temple. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and its sculptural work is amazing. It is said that the pond in the temple does not dry even in peak summer. The first day of January sees a great number of pilgrims to this spot.