Visakhapatnam history goes back to the sixth century BC. Its name can be found in Hindu and Buddhist texts that date back to ancient times. Vizag, as Visakhapatnam is often referred to, has been mentioned by Panini and Katyayana in their writings of the fourth century BC. The city was also a part of the Kalinga kingdom, which was later conquered by the great Emperor, Ashoka.
The city of Visakhapatnam has been named after Visakha, the god of valor and war. Visakha is the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati and is also the ruler of Mars. According to local legend, the city was named Visakhapatnam by an Andhra king between the 9th and 11th century. It is said that the king stopped for a rest in this place on his way to Varanasi, or Benaras. He was so captivated by the beauty of this place that he decided to build a temple in honor of his family deity Visakha. However, according to archaeological records, Vizag was built between the 11th and 12th century by Kulottunga of the Cholas.
According to history of Visakhapatnam, the city has been ruled by a number of dynasties over the years. Some of the dynasties which had ruled over Visakhapatnam are the Kalingas, the Chankyas, the Rajahmundry Reddy kings, the Cholas and the Golkonda Nawabs. During the 15th and 16th centuries, Vizag was under the rule of the Mughals. As Visakhapatnam is located on the shores of Bay of Bengal, it was an important center of trading. Dutch, French and other European merchants used the port for trading in ivory, tobacco, muslin and other products. Towards the end of the 18th century, Visakhapatnam came under the control of the French.
Since India gained independence in 1947, Visakhapatnam has become one of the leading ports of the country. Vizag is also the seat of the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy.
Places to be Visited in Visakhapatnam
This beach is just 8kms from Vizag and has goden sand and surf with sea and has hill cottages overlooking the grand ocean.
Dolphin's Nose and the Port
The captivating symbol of Vizag that charms the young and old alike is the headland Dolphin's nose. At 358 metres above sea level, with a lighthouse atop the hill, Dolphin’s nose is aptly named.
The 25km stretch of road literally hugging the coastline from Visakhapatnam to Bheemunipatnam has a view that is simply breathtaking.Bheemunipatnam known as Bhimli is the second oldest muncipality in the country.
A beautiful beach that falls on the way to Kailasagiri hill, Lawson’s bay is an ideal spot or sea bathing and surfing.
Appikonda is a small village located 18-kms from Visakhapatnam which houses the Appikonda temple whose presiding deity is Lord Shiva. Records tells that it was in this place Kapila Maha Muni has installed the idol of Somalingeswara Swamy and thus the name - Kapilakonda which was over the ages changed to Apillakonda and further to Appikonda.
Legacy of The Buddha
Vishakhapatnam is surrounded by ancient Buddhist sites, most of which have been excavated recently.
Submarine Museum, 'Smritika' set up nearby the Vishakapatanam port, is located at the serene beach named the Rama Krishna Beach. The museum started functioning in 2001 was converted from INS Kusura, a Russian built submarine. Only one of these kinds in India and Asian continent, this Submarine Museum attracts many